What is the Difference Between Full-Spectrum and Isolate CBD? – CBD has become an industry in itself and many who take CBD in one way or another do not consume any other type of cannabis. Interestingly, countries in which possessing cannabis flower is still illegal sometimes allow the sale of hemp CBD products.
An important note to make is if you are, in fact, consuming CBD isolate or full-spectrum CBD. Knowing the differences between full-spectrum and isolate will be important in determining the dosage, type of product needed, the strength of the product, and more.
CBD oils, topicals, and edibles have shown benefits for an incredibly wide variety of ailments, illnesses, and problems that occur within the human body. A list of medical studies concerning the application of CBD can be found at the end of this article.
The difference between full-spectrum and isolate CBD is significant in terms of medical application. Learn about these differences below.
The Difference Between Full-Spectrum & Isolate CBD – What is CBD Isolate?
CBD isolate is usually found in a crystallized powder, sold in small amounts, or, mixed into a tincture/oil that can be ingested orally. CBD isolate is flavourless and can be used in edibles.
Within CBD isolate, there are very small traces of other cannabinoids and terpenes.
At 99% pure cannabidiol (CBD), isolate is ideal for medical users who need the greatest benefits from CBD.
The Difference Between Full-Spectrum & Isolate CBD – What is Full-Spectrum CBD?
Full-spectrum CBD, usually found in an oil or tincture, contains other cannabinoids and terpenes found in hemp, or cannabis Sativa/Indica plants.
Advocates of full-spectrum CBD praise the entourage effect which sees cannabinoids and terpenes interacting with one another as well as the endocannabinoid system. This synergistic process has shown positive effects on the ever-important endocannabinoid system.
“The main difference between full-spectrum and isolate CBD is that full-spectrum CBD contains other cannabinoids and terpenes and may be helpful in producing the entourage effect. CBD isolate has a 99% CBD content and is considered ideal for heavy medicinal users. CBD isolate is also identifiable in its crystalized form, often sold in small amounts.” Cannabis Information Institute
Cannabis medicine and research are still in their infancy due to the almost-century long prohibition of cannabis in some areas of the world.
What Types of Ailments Can CBD Help?
CBD (cannabidiol) may help with a variety of ailments within the body or mind. All sources are listed below.
CBD For Anxiety
In 2010, a study found that CBD may change the flow of blood to the brain that is responsible for anxious feelings and anxiety-related symptoms. In addition, this study also found that CBD can somewhat reduce the symptoms of social anxiety.
Furthermore, in 2011, a study was published that showed participants were less anxious about speaking in public after taking CBD. In a 2016 case study published in 2018, a child who had PTSD was administered a regular dose of CBD and produced positive results in terms of general sleeping patterns and anxiety.
There are many different types of anxiety-related disorders and CBD may have positive effects on anxiety indirectly. Studies have had mixed results, entirely dependant on the subject/s of the study. It should be highly stressed that an individual’s needs are assessed before taking cannabis as a medicine. If possible, speak with a cannabis-friendly doctor.
CBD For Diabetes
CBD will not reverse, or cure, diabetes. Diabetes is a serious illness and diabetics in Canada are more than 20 times likely to suffer a limb amputation or 3 times more likely to suffer some type of cardiovascular disease.
CBD has powerful anti-inflammatory effects and these attributes may help the human body in reversing insulin resistance. If a human body is inflamed, the cells inside may begin to reject insulin which can lead to a host of problems including prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, and higher blood sugar levels.
According to the American Journal of Medicine, cannabis users are less likely to develop diabetes or obesity than those who have never consumed cannabis. This correlation suggests a symbiotic relationship between cannabinoids found in cannabis and the metabolic process.
CBD for Pain and Inflammation
There have been several studies based on the effectiveness of CBD for treating pain. According to a 2015 study published in Pharmacology and Pharmacy, CBD encouraged anti-inflammatory and antinociception responses in the body. Antinociception is a natural response of the body to pain that blocks the injury stimuli from sensory neurons. In other words, CBD may have the ability to ‘block’ the pain from reaching the sensory neurons of the brain and giving a patient more comfort.
As mentioned earlier CBD also has powerful anti-inflammatory properties that can benefit those in pain.
Should I be Taking Full-Spectrum or Isolate CBD?
Certainly, CBD is not a medicine that will work for everybody. There is no generic blueprint for cannabis medicine and how it will affect a person individually.
However, speaking with a cannabis-friendly doctor is a viable option where available. If this is not an option, product research will be the most important step in determining what type of CBD would be right for you. The amount of CBD products available vary greatly in their usefulness, reliability, and quality.
There are many different types of ailments or disorders that CBD may have positive effects on. Studies have had mixed results, entirely dependant on the subject/s of the study. It should be highly stressed that an individual’s needs are assessed before taking cannabis as a medicine. If possible, speak with a cannabis-friendly doctor.
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Further Reading & Sources
- Bitencourt, R. M., & Takahashi, R. N. (2018). Cannabidiol as a Therapeutic Alternative for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: From Bench Research to Confirmation in Human Trials. Frontiers in Neuroscience.
- Bergamaschi, M., Queiroz, R., Chagas, M. et al. (2011) Cannabidiol Reduces the Anxiety Induced by Simulated Public Speaking in Treatment-Naive Social Phobia Patients.
- Blessing EM, Steenkamp MM, Manzanares J, Marmar CR. (2015) Cannabidiol as a Potential Remedy for Anxiety Disorders. Neurotherapeutics.
- Crippa, J. Derenusson, N. Ferrari, T. (2010). The neural basis of anxiolytic effects of cannabidiol (CBD) in generalized social anxiety disorder: a preliminary report.
- Di Marzo, V. Mechoulam, R. & Piscitelli, F. (2011). Cannabinoids and endocannabinoids in metabolic disorders with a focus on diabetes. Endocannabinoid Research Group, Institute of Biomolecular Chemistry.
- Gallily, R., Yekhtin, Z. and Hanus, L. (2015). Overcoming the Bell-Shaped Dose-Response of Cannabidiol by Using Cannabis Extract Enriched in Cannabidiol. Pharmacology and Pharmacy.
- Nagarkatti, P., Pandey, R., Rieder, S. A., Hegde, V. L., & Nagarkatti, M. (2009). Cannabinoids as novel anti-inflammatory drugs. Future medicinal chemistry.
- Penner, A. (2013). The Impact of Marijuana Use on Glucose, Insulin, and Insulin Resistance among US Adults. American Journal of Medicine.
- Shoelson, S. E., Lee, J., & Goldfine, A. B. (2006). Inflammation and insulin resistance. The Journal of Clinical Investigation.